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Initially, the work of the great and outstanding genius was not at all a picture in the usual sense, but a painting that adorned one of the walls in the artist’s house. It was transferred to the canvas almost half a century after its creation by the hand of Salvador Cubels.
The masterpiece is part of a series of "Dark Pictures" dedicated to dark, mystical and frightening images. And really the impression of the canvas is very bright. You can not understand and dislike him, but to remain indifferent is quite difficult. The work was written on a grand scale - 4 meters 38 cm wide and 1 meter 40 cm high. Guests visiting the artist’s monastery were sometimes discouraged and amazed to the core by a series of demonic motifs.
The main and most prominent way is the black goat, which undoubtedly personifies the devil himself. The protagonist is endowed with human traits. He is dressed in a dark robe, his gaze is directed to the crowd gathered around him, obviously, he is saying something and gesturing. Humanization makes this image even more sinister, it seems not ephemeral, but quite real. This is really scary, because there is nothing worse than an enslaved human mind.
The crowd approaching the devil is nothing but a bunch of witches, that same coven. Witches are depicted with ugly distorted faces, in bent over poses expressing worship and submission. The eyes of people are hungry for Satan, they catch every word and movement.
The canvas is written using dark, dark shades. Thanks to this technique, a heavy, oppressive, almost asphyxiating atmosphere is achieved. It is not surprising that then society could not appreciate the work at its true worth. It was not accepted and wild.
Critics say that Goya was inherent in the use of metaphors and symbols. Connoisseurs of the history and culture of Spain at that time argue that the picture is a vivid satire on the inertness of views and the absurdity of society.
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